My original forecast from August had to basically be thrown out due to a few key factors.
1. ENSO faltering. While the positive trends have recovered, there was a major misstep in the trend as the values for most of the ENSO regions started to fall. The latest data indicates that the positive trend has resumed, which led me to go with an ENSO value bordering on positive neutral and weak Nino for DJF. A new ENSO prediction means new analogs, which can be found at the end of the post.
2. Siberian snow cover. As you can see from the graphic below, significant gains have been made in Siberia compared to the start of the month. Studies show a correlation between positive snow cover trends over Siberia and cooler temperatures across eastern North America.
3. The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO). The NAO has generally been negative since May, and it shows no signs of going positive any time soon. A -NAO helps pull cold air into the eastern U.S. during the winter months.
Along with this new data, I also used the PDO and AMO signals to help weight my analog years.
The monthly breakdown:
in [year (weight)] format
NOTE: Anomalies are against 1981-2010 normals.